Antioxidants Antioxidants

Posted on by Jackson Fung

What is antioxidants?

According to Wikipedia "Antioxidants slow the process of aging by preventing free radicals from oxidizing sensitive biological molecules or reducing the formation of free radicals."  Here, we know antioxidants slow down aging, which is great but what are free radicals?  In skincare, free radicals are damaged cells.  The damaged cell (free radical) will repair itself by bonding with a healthy cell and by taking its electrons.  This in turn has damaged the healthy cell, and the process goes on creating a "free radical chain" effect.  Overtime, the chain effect damages the skin.

How do we get free radicals?

Free radicals develop naturally with age, they can also be caused by environmental factors such as pollution, radiation, chemicals, cigarette smoke and UV rays.

How to prevent free radicals?

"Antioxidants are helpful in reducing and preventing damage from free radical reactions because of their ability to donate electrons which neutralize the radical without forming another." Wikipedia

How do we use antioxidants?

We can use antioxidants for skin protection and repair or we can use antioxidants to delay the oxidation process of products.

What are the antioxidants?

There are many natural and synthetic antioxidants, below are the common ones, however you need to know how to use these ingredients properly as some of them are oil soluble, and some are water soluble.

    • Vitamin E
    • Vitamin C
    • Rosemary Oleoresin Extract
    • Green Tea Extract
    • Olive Leaf Extract
    • Grapeseed Extract

One of the most well-known one is Vitamin E, and it’s oil soluble. It is widely used in skincare, products, and raw materials.  In general, vitamin E are either synthetically or naturally derived.

Vitamin E Natural vs Vitamin E Synthetic

Natural:  d-alpha-tocopherol or d-alpha-tocopherol acetate.

Synthetic: dl-alpha tocopherol or dl-alpha tocopherol acetate.

The term "tocopherol", or "Vitamin E" are used against oxidation to extend the product's shelf life.  It is a brownish viscous liquid.

The term "tocopherol acetate" or "Vitamin E Acetate" means, it is used for skin protection and repair.  It is a clear yellow viscous liquid. The acetate form of vitamin E have a different structure and it does not work to extend shelf life of the product.

Add antioxidant in soap

Have you ever get orange spots that appear on your handmade cold process soap bar?  They may appear as light orange color and later turn into dark orange rusty color and more spots.  That means the oil or the soap has gone rancid.  Try adding a small amount of antioxidant to the oil or to the soap to delay oxidation.

What is antioxidants?

According to Wikipedia "Antioxidants slow the process of aging by preventing free radicals from oxidizing sensitive biological molecules or reducing the formation of free radicals."  Here, we know antioxidants slow down aging, which is great but what are free radicals?  In skincare, free radicals are damaged cells.  The damaged cell (free radical) will repair itself by bonding with a healthy cell and by taking its electrons.  This in turn has damaged the healthy cell, and the process goes on creating a "free radical chain" effect.  Overtime, the chain effect damages the skin.

How do we get free radicals?

Free radicals develop naturally with age, they can also be caused by environmental factors such as pollution, radiation, chemicals, cigarette smoke and UV rays.

How to prevent free radicals?

"Antioxidants are helpful in reducing and preventing damage from free radical reactions because of their ability to donate electrons which neutralize the radical without forming another." Wikipedia

How do we use antioxidants?

We can use antioxidants for skin protection and repair or we can use antioxidants to delay the oxidation process of products.

What are the antioxidants?

There are many natural and synthetic antioxidants, below are the common ones, however you need to know how to use these ingredients properly as some of them are oil soluble, and some are water soluble.

    • Vitamin E
    • Vitamin C
    • Rosemary Oleoresin Extract
    • Green Tea Extract
    • Olive Leaf Extract
    • Grapeseed Extract

One of the most well-known one is Vitamin E, and it’s oil soluble. It is widely used in skincare, products, and raw materials.  In general, vitamin E are either synthetically or naturally derived.

Vitamin E Natural vs Vitamin E Synthetic

Natural:  d-alpha-tocopherol or d-alpha-tocopherol acetate.

Synthetic: dl-alpha tocopherol or dl-alpha tocopherol acetate.

The term "tocopherol", or "Vitamin E" are used against oxidation to extend the product's shelf life.  It is a brownish viscous liquid.

The term "tocopherol acetate" or "Vitamin E Acetate" means, it is used for skin protection and repair.  It is a clear yellow viscous liquid. The acetate form of vitamin E have a different structure and it does not work to extend shelf life of the product.

Add antioxidant in soap

Have you ever get orange spots that appear on your handmade cold process soap bar?  They may appear as light orange color and later turn into dark orange rusty color and more spots.  That means the oil or the soap has gone rancid.  Try adding a small amount of antioxidant to the oil or to the soap to delay oxidation.